Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Filter by Categories
Brief Communication
Case Report
Case Series
Conference Abstract
Conference Editorial
Conference Proceedings
Current Issue
Editorial Commentary
General Medicine, Case Report
IAPCONKochi 2019 Conference Proceedings
Letter to Editor
Letter to the Editor
Letters to Editor
Narrative Review
Original Article
Palliative Medicine, Letter to the Editor
Personal Reflection
Position Paper
Position Statement
Practitioner Section
REPUBLICATION: Special Article (Guidelines)
Review Article
Short Communication
Short Report
Special Editorial
Special Review
Systematic Review
View/Download PDF

Translate this page into:

Letters to Editor
20 (
); 244-245

Esthetic Conformers: Improving the Quality of Life of Enucleated Children

Department of Prosthodontics, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Address for correspondence: Dr. Himanshi Aggarwal, E-mail:

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This article was originally published by Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher; therefore Scientific Scholar has no control over the quality or content of this article.


Enucleation in a child, whether for tumors, chronic eye disease, or severe ocular trauma is extremely distressing for families. The commonest indication for enucleation in children is advanced intraocular retinoblastoma, and surgery is usually performed within a few days of diagnosis. In such cases, the distress caused by the diagnosis of such dreadful ailment is compounded by the inadequate time available for the family to prepare themselves for the postoperative appearance, which causes considerable upset to family and siblings. Of particular concern, is the cosmetic appearance of the child in the immediate postoperative period. So, allaying the anxiety of the family members during the postoperative period is of paramount importance.

Presently, most of the surgeons worldwide including India use a transparent conformer or shell postenucleation. The advantage of using transparent conformers is an easy visualization of the wound area by the clinician with minimal manipulation. But practically speaking, the ointments used to facilitate wound healing frequently conceal the wound area, making it impossible to examine the latter without removing the conformer. This transparency, however, can cause embarrassment; some patients consider visualization of the underlying socket unsightly added to which the conformer does not resemble the contralateral eye.[1] This usually forces the patients to get a final prosthesis fitted earlier than is optimal for wound healing.

The various benefits offered by the conformer such as protection of the wound, minimizing the changes in the socket size and conformation, preventing scar tissue contractures from distorting the socket bed[2] and maintaining the forniceal depth;[3] make their use indispensable following post enucleation. A commonsensical solution to overcome the cons of the transparent conformer [Figure 1a] is the utilization of the so called prosthetic or cosmetic or esthetic conformer, which is a painted conformer with an iris button attached to it in addition to the fenestrations for drainage [Figure 1b].

Figure 1: (a) Clear conformer. (b) Esthetic conformer with fenestration indicated by arrow

The prosthetic conformers are manufactured as stock prosthetic eyes and cost approximates that of the stock eye. The cost of clear conformers is around Rs. 150 whereas the cost of prosthetic conformers is Rs. 200. However, the various benefits offered by esthetic conformers outweigh its slightly increased cost as compared to clear conformers. As we expect that more and more ophthalmologists and surgeons will demand for esthetic conformers due to its various advantages over clear conformers, their cost will automatically come down due to its indigenous mass production by companies that supply acrylic stock eyes. An appropriately sized and color-matched conformer that will slide in easily, fill the fornices without being tight and allow lid closure can be placed in the socket at the end of surgery and kept for an average of 4-6 weeks.[4] The esthetic conformers decrease the psychological impact of enucleation, yet achieve the goals of an ideal conformer. In addition, the children are more comfortable as it avoids the use of patches and tape on the skin to cover their conformer, and helps the family to wait for an appropriate healing period of 6 weeks before the final prosthetic fitting. The role of the conformer and the cosmetic limitations of relative ptosis, enophthalmos, and slight color mismatch should be explained to the family prior to surgery.[5]

Ours is a tertiary-care centre and is registered as one of the hospital-based registry under national retinoblastoma registry project initiated by Indian Council of Medical Research. So, enucleation is routinely done for advanced retinoblastoma cases and we have found that the acceptance of esthetic conformers is much more as compared to the clear conformers, approximately 90%. The parents of children who had undergone enucleation reported that it was less traumatic for them to accept their child as appearance after enucleation when esthetic conformer was used as compared to clear conformer. As pediatric patient is the centre of attraction for both the medical team and the family, so providing them with an esthetic conformer is a highly positive approach with significant palliative effect, which improves rehabilitation and quality of life of the family and the enucleated child. Therefore, it is a humble appeal to all the concerned medical professionals to use esthetic conformers instead of clear transparent conformers in postoperative period, so as to provide a sigh of relief to the grieving patients.


  1. , , , , , , . Temporary cosmetic painted prostheses in anophthalmic surgery: An alternative to early postoperative clear conformers. Eye (Lond). 2011;25:1418-22.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. , , , . Use of custom-made conformers in the treatment of ocular defects. J Prosthet Dent. 1999;82:362-5.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. , , . The team approach to the anophthalmic patient. Adv Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990;8:55-7.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. , , , , . Prosthetic conformers: A step towards improved rehabilitation of enucleated children. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 2002;30:58-9.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. , . Creating a treatment plan for enucleation or evisceration surgery. J Ophthalmic Prosthetics. 2000;5:45-8.
    [Google Scholar]

    Fulltext Views

    PDF downloads
    View/Download PDF
    Download Citations
    Show Sections